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Coffee & Health
Type 2 diabetes

Long-Term Effects of Coffee and Caffeine Intake on the Risk of Pre-diabetes and Type-2 Diabetes: Findings from a Population with Low Coffee Consumption

P Mirmiran et al, 2018.
Nutrition Metabolism Cardiovascular Disease, published online.
October 31, 2018


Background and Aim

Here, we examined the potential effect of coffee consumption and total caffeine intake on the occurrence of pre-diabetes and T2D, in a population with low coffee consumption.

Methods and results

Adults men and women, aged 20-70 years, were followed for a median of 5.8 y. Dietary intakes of coffee and caffeine were estimated using a 168-food items validate semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, at baseline. Cox proportional hazards regression models, adjusted for potential cofounders, were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between coffee and caffeine intakes and incidence of pre-diabetes and T2D. The total population was 1878 adults (844 men, 1034 women) and 2139 adults (971 men, 1168 women) for analysis of pre-diabetes and T2D, respectively. During the follow-up period the incidence of pre-diabetes and T2D was 30.8% and 6.6%, respectively. Forty-three percent of our subjects were no coffee drinker whereas 51.4% consumed 1 cup of coffee/week and 6.0% consumed more than 1 cup of coffee/week. A lower risk of pre-diabetes (HR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.62-0.86) and T2D (HR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.44-1.00) was observed in coffee drinkers compared to non-drinkers, in the fully adjusted models. Higher dietary intake of caffeine (≥152 vs. <65 mg/d) was accompanied with a borderline (P = 0.053) reduced risk of pre-diabetes (HR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.19-1.00).


Our findings indicated that coffee drinking may have favorable effect in prevention of pre-diabetes and T2D.

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