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Coffee & Health
Bone health

C C Chen et al, 2023. Association of Coffee and Tea Intake with Bone Mineral Density and Hip Fracture: A Meta-Analysis, Medicina (Kaunas)

. Association of Coffee and Tea Intake with Bone Mineral Density and Hip Fracture: A Meta-Analysis

C C Chen
July 12, 2023


Background and Objectives:
Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and high bone fragility. Findings regarding the association of coffee and tea intake with osteoporosis have been inconsistent. We conducted this meta-analysis to investigate whether coffee and tea intake is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and high hip fracture risk.

Materials and Methods:
PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase were searched for relevant studies published before 2022. Studies on the effects of coffee/tea intake on hip fracture/BMD were included in our meta-analysis, whereas those focusing on specific disease groups and those with no relevant coffee/tea intake data were excluded. We assessed mean difference (MD; for BMD) and pooled hazard ratio (HR; for hip fracture) values with 95% confidence interval (CI) values. The cohort was divided into high- and low-intake groups considering the thresholds of 1 and 2 cups/day for tea and coffee, respectively.

Our meta-analysis included 20 studies comprising 508,312 individuals. The pooled MD was 0.020 for coffee (95% CI, -0.003 to 0.044) and 0.039 for tea (95% CI, -0.012 to 0.09), whereas the pooled HR was 1.008 for coffee (95% CI, 0.760 to 1.337) and 0.93 for tea (95% CI, 0.84 to 1.03).

Our meta-analysis results suggest that daily coffee or tea consumption is not associated with BMD or hip fracture risk.

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