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It is widely accepted that any effects of coffee consumption on reproductive health are linked to caffeine rather than to coffee consumption per se. Hence the majority of the published work focuses on the effects of caffeine, not coffee, consumption.

In a review of the “Epidemiologic Evidence concerning the Reproductive Health Effects of Caffeine Consumption: A 2000-2009 Update”, J.D. Peck et al. scrutinized and reviewed scientific publications on the subject during this period1 A further review presented a risk analysis of in utero caffeine exposure utilizing epidemiological studies, animal and in-vitro toxicology studies and pharmacokinetic studies 2 The findings from both extensive reviews are highlighted below. In addition, data from some of the more recent studies are included.

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