The effect of diet, lifestyle and psychological factors in the prognosis of ischemic heart failure
Dietary patterns may play an important role in the prognosis of heart failure.
Dietary habits, sleeping habits, physical activity and anxiety and depression status were recorded in 326 patients (90 females, mean age 73.45 ± 10.9 years) with ischemic heart failure prospectively followed for 30 months.
Lower ΗADS-depression scores (p = 0.03), a low-fat meat diet (p = 0.035) and moderate coffee consumption (p = 0.005) were associated with better prognosis. Non-significant differences were recorded in outcomes with regard to consumption of other dietary categories.
A balanced diet as well as emphasis on the treatment of depression may improve outcomes in ischemic heart failure.
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