E Coiplet et al, 2022. Endometriosis and environmental factors: a critical review, J Gynecol Obstet Hum Repro, published online.

June 16, 2022

ABSTRACT

This review provides an overview of current knowledge on the relationship between various environmental factors and endometriosis. We successively searched for a given exposure factor combined with the word "endometriosis." The literature was comprehensively analyzed and summarized by quoting only the most important and recent studies on each exposition factor. The data focused primarily on endocrine disruptors, such as dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls, that appear to have the strongest effect. Intriguing data suggest a link with night work, sun exposure and red meat consumption. For the other risk factors studied, particularly those related to lifestyle (tobacco consumption, alcohol, coffee, soy, physical exercise), the data are not sufficient to draw conclusions. In summary, the epidemiological evidence does not support a strong, scientific link between exposure to environmental factors and endometriosis. The complexity of this disease requires advanced study designs and standardized methodology. Future studies should be carefully designed to address these issues to advance our understanding of the impact of the environment and its consequences on endometriosis.

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