Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Asians: A meta-epidemiological study of population-based cohort studies
Previous systematic reviews have consistently reported that coffee consumption has a preventive effect on the occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, further evaluations between coffee consumption and the risk of T2DM in Asian populations are needed.
To conduct a meta-epidemiological study on systematic reviews evaluating the association between coffee consumption and the risk of T2DM in Asian people.
The selection criterion was defined as a population-based prospective cohort study evaluating the association between coffee consumption and the risk of T2DM in Asian populations, reporting the adjusted relative risk (RR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) for potential confounders. A fixed-effect model meta-analysis was applied to calculate the summary RR and its 95%CI in less than 50% of the I 2 value indicating the level of heterogeneity. A two-stage fixed-effects dose-response meta-analysis (DRMA) was performed to calculate the risk per unit dose (a cup per day).
A total of seven studies were selected in this meta-epidemiological study. The risk of T2DM in Asian populations was significantly reduced in the highest to the lowest dose group (summary RR = 0.73, 95%CI: 0.66-0.82; I 2 value = 0.0%). The DRMA showed that drinking one cup of coffee per day reduced the risk of T2DM in Asian populations by 8% (RR = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.90-0.95).
These findings support the conclusion that coffee consumption has a protective effect on the occurrence of T2DM in Asian men and women.
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