Facts and figuresPrint this page
- Fertility rate is defined as the number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime, if age-specific fertility remained constant over her reproductive lifespan.
- The total fertility rate across the countries of the European Union is very low. The rate declined from 2.6 in early 1960 to approximately 1.59 by 20091.
- According to Fertility Europe, one in six couples needs help to conceive2.
- More than one in five pregnancies ends in miscarriage. Most miscarriages happen in the first three months of pregnancy – but they can happen up to the 24th week. Pregnancy loss after 24 weeks is known as stillbirth3.
- One in one hundred pregnancies is ectopic4. This means the pregnancy is developing outside the womb – most often in one of the Fallopian tubes.
- In Europe, approximately 25% of neo-natal deaths are the result of congenital anomalies1.
Low birth weight babies
- In the United States and Europe, 8% of infants are born with a low birth weight4.
1. European Commission ‘Total fertility rate, 1960–2012 (live births per woman) YB14’ Available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/File:Total_fertility_rate,_1960–2012_(live_births_per_woman)_YB14.png
2Fertility Europe www.fertilityeurope.eu
3Miscarriage Association. (2006) Media Background http://www.miscarriageassociation.org.uk/ma2006/about/media_background.htm
4UNICEF, (2009) Birthweight Statistics http://www.childinfo.org/low_birthweight_profiles.php
The content in this section can be searched by date or topic using the left-hand-side menu dropdowns.
This information is intended for healthcare professional audiences however, all these resources are freely available for media use.
If you have any questions on the content available, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org