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Coffee & Health
Gallstones

References

Part of
Gallstones
More information
Affects of coffee consumption
  1. R Aerts & F Penninck. (2003). The burden of gallstones disease in Europe. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 18 (Suppl):349-53.
  2. Everhart JE, et al. (1999). Prevalence and ethnic differences in gallbladder disease in the United States. Gastroenterol. 117:3: 632-9.
  3. JE Everhart & CE Ruhl. (2009). Burden of digestive diseases in the United States part I: overall and upper gastrointestinal diseases. Gastroenterology. 136:(2);376-86.
  4. Misciagna G, et al. (1996). Epidemiology of cholelithiasis in Southern Italy part II: risk factors. Eur J Gastroentero Hepatol. 8:585-93.
  5. Leitzmann MF, et al. (1999). A prospective study of coffee consumption and risk of symptomatic gallstone disease in men. JAMA. 281:2106-12.
  6. Leitzmann MF, et al. (2002). Coffee intake is associated with lower risk of symptomatic gallstone disease in women. Gastroenterol. 123:1823-30.
  7. Sahi T, et al. (1998). Body Mass Index, cigarette smoking, and other characteristics as predictors of self-reported, physician-diagnosed gallbladder disease in male college alumni. Am J Epidemiol. 147:644-50.
  8. La Vecchia C, et al. (1991). Risk factors for gallstone disese requiring surgery. Intern J Epidemiol. 20:209-15.
  9. Ruhl CE, et al. (2000). Association of coffee consumption with gallbladder disease. Am J Epidemiol. 152:1034-8.
  10. Douglas BR, et al. (1990). Coffee stimulation and cholecystokinin release and gallbladder contraction in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 52:553-6.
  11. Zhang YP. (2015). Systematic review with meta-analysis: coffee consumption and the risk of gallstone disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 42(6):637-48.
  12. Nordenvall C & Oskarsson V. (2015). Inverse association between coffee consumption and risk of cholescytectomy in women but not in men. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 13(6):1096-102.
  13. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies (NDA). (2015). Scientific Opinion on the safety of caffeine. EFSA Journal. 13(5):4102.

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