Facts and figures

At a glance

Osteoporosis has been defined as a disease characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to enhanced bone fragility and consequent increase in fracture risk.

Research suggests that factors such as low intakes of calcium and vitamin D, limited exposure to sunlight, low BMI, low mobility impaired balance and low physical activity all contribute to reduced bone density and an increased fracture risk.

The majority of reports currently available do not support any significant associations between caffeine intakes and bone density.

A review indicated no overall negative effect of caffeine on bone health. Potentially negative effects on bone mineral density were recorded mainly in populations with insufficient calcium intake or very high coffee consumption (over 9 cups daily).

Further meta-analyses are inconclusive although some suggest a potential link between coffee consumption in women and elderly subjects and an increased risk of fractures.

Further research is required to reach firm conclusions about associations between coffee intake and bone health.

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