Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major and growing health problem across Europe and around the world, which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The costs of treating T2D and associated complications related to the condition are also increasing. With this in mind, it is important to explore and acknowledge nutrition-based strategies for the prevention and treatment of the disease.
“Why does coffee affect me more than others?” is a commonly-asked question. The short answer to the question is that research has shown that, if a group of people drink the same standardised amount of coffee, their reactions are determined by their genetic make-up, which defines to what degree a given amount of caffeine will affect the individual.
Caffeine is a highly studied substance and there is a strong body of research, as acknowledged by the European Food Safety Authority in its Scientific Opinion, to say that a moderate intake of caffeine, [equivalent to around 3 mg per kilogram of body weight (mg·kg-1)] may improve a variety of activities such as endurance activities and high intensity sports.
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