Petersen S, Peto V, Rayner M, Leal J, Luengo-Fernandez R, Gray A. European cardiovascular disease statistics. BHF: London; 2005.

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BHF: London; 2005.

European cardiovascular disease statistics.

Petersen S, Peto V, Rayner M, Leal J, Luengo-Fernandez R, Gray A.

This is the second edition of European cardiovascular disease statistics published by the British Heart Foundation and the European Heart Network. European cardiovascular disease statistics is designed for policy makers, health professionals, medical researchers and anyone else with an interest in cardiovascular disease (CVD). It provides the most recent statistics related to the incidence, prevalence, causes and effects of the disease.

The aim of European cardiovascular disease statistics is to show:

(i) the extent to which CVD is a major health problem in Europe;
(ii) where, in Europe, this problem is greatest;
(iii) the variability in efforts to treat and prevent CVD across Europe as shown by differences
in levels of treatment and in levels of risk factors for the disease;
(iv) trends in CVD mortality, morbidity, treatment and risk factors over time;
(vi) the economic costs of CVD in the European Union.

European cardiovascular disease statistics is divided into 12 sections. The first two sections on mortality and morbidity deal with the burden of CVD in Europe. Next there is a section on
treatment. Then there are four sections on the main aspects of lifestyle which affect the risk of the disease: smoking, diet, physical activity and alcohol consumption. These are followed by four sections on the main pathophysiological risk factors for the disease: raised blood pressure, raised blood cholesterol, overweight/obesity and diabetes. The fi nal section, new to this edition, provides information about the economic costs of CVD in the European Union (EU)1. Each section contains a set of tables and graphs and a brief description of the data presented. In European cardiovascular disease statistics we aim only to describe and not to explain. So, although there may be relationships between the various geographical and temporal patterns observed, we have made no attempt to draw any conclusions about the strength of these relationships or about causality.

This information is intended for Healthcare professional audiences.
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