Yearly Archives: 2020

J Grgic & P Mikulic, 2020. Acute effects of caffeine supplementation on resistance exercise, jumping, and Wingate performance: no influence of habitual caffeine intake, European Journal of Sport Science, published online.

ABSTRACT This study explored the influence of habitual caffeine intake on the acute effects of caffeine ingestion on resistance exercise, jumping, and Wingate performance. Twenty-four resistance-trained males were tested following the ingestion of caffeine (3 mg/kg) and placebo (3 mg/kg of dextrose). Participants were classified as low caffeine users (n = 13; habitual caffeine intake: 65 […]

S Yuan & S C Larrson, 2020. An atlas of risk factors for type 2 diabetes: a wide-angled Mendelian randomisation study, Diabetologia, published online.

ABSTRACT Aims/hypothesis: The aim of this study was to use Mendelian randomisation (MR) to identify the causal risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Methods: We first conducted a review of meta-analyses and review articles to pinpoint possible risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Around 170 possible risk factors were identified of which 97 risk factors […]

J B Whitfield et al, 2020. Obesity, diabetes, coffee, tea, and cannabis use alter risk for alcohol related cirrhosis in 2 large cohorts of high risk drinkers, American Journal of Gastroenterology, published online.

ABSTRACT Introduction:  Sustained high alcohol intake is necessary but not sufficient to produce alcohol-related cirrhosis. Identification of risk factors, apart from lifetime alcohol exposure, would assist in discovery of mechanisms and prediction of risk. Methods:  We conducted a multicenter case-control study (GenomALC) comparing 1,293 cases (with alcohol-related cirrhosis, 75.6% male) and 754 controls (with equivalent […]

W Kudwongsa et al, 2020. Coffee consumption and lung cancer risk: a prospective cohort study in Khon Kaen Thailand, Asia Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, Volume 21 (8).

ABSTRACT Background: Lung cancer is a major cause of cancer death worldwide. The incidence of lung cancer in Thailand increasing, but risk factors are rarely reported. Objective: To investigate the effect of coffee consumption on lung cancer in Thai population. Methods: Between 1990 and 2001, lifestyle and demographic data were collected from 24,528 participants in the Khon Kaen […]

Y Zhang et al, 2020. Habitual coffee intake and risk for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a two-sample Mendelian randomization study, European Journal of Nutrition, published online

ABSTRACT Purpose: Epidemiological studies support a protective role of habitual coffee and caffeine consumption against the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to investigate the causal relationship between coffee intake and the risk of NAFLD. Methods: We performed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis using SNPs associated with habitual coffee intake in a published […]

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