M Salourou et al, 2020. The effect of diet, lifestyle and psychological factors in the prognosis of ischemic heart failure, Metabol Open, published online.

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ABSTRACT

Background/objective: 
Dietary patterns may play an important role in the prognosis of heart failure.

Methods: 
Dietary habits, sleeping habits, physical activity and anxiety and depression status were recorded in 326 patients (90 females, mean age 73.45 ± 10.9 years) with ischemic heart failure prospectively followed for 30 months.

Results: 
Lower ΗADS-depression scores (p = 0.03), a low-fat meat diet (p = 0.035) and moderate coffee consumption (p = 0.005) were associated with better prognosis. Non-significant differences were recorded in outcomes with regard to consumption of other dietary categories.

Conclusions:
A balanced diet as well as emphasis on the treatment of depression may improve outcomes in ischemic heart failure.

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