Yearly Archives: 2016

G Vaseghi et al, 2016. Coffee consumption and risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, published online.

ABSTRACT: Several epidemiological studies have evaluated the associations between coffee consumption and the risk of skin cancer; however, the results were not conclusive. This systematic review and meta-analysis of the cohort and case–control studies was carried out to determine the association between coffee intake and the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer. Studies were identified by […]

K Wijarnpreecha et al, 2016. Coffee consumption and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis, European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, published online.

ABSTRACT Background/objectives: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a worldwide public health concern. Coffee might have a protective effect against NAFLD. However, the results of previous reports are conflicting. Therefore, we carried out this meta analysis to summarize all available data. Methods: This study consisted of two meta-analyses. The first meta-analysis included observational studies comparing […]

C Y Leung et al, 2016. Tea, coffee, and caffeinated beverage consumption and risk of epithelial ovarian cancers, Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 45.

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The risk for epithelial ovarian cancer associated with the consumption of caffeinated beverages (tea, coffee, and soft drinks) and green tea is inconclusive. However, few studies have investigated the type of caffeinated beverage or the type of tea. OBJECTIVE: We assessed consumption of tea (black/caffeinated tea and green tea separately), coffee, and caffeinated […]

A Ascherio & M A Schwarzscild, 2016. The epidemiology of Parkinson’s disease: risk factors and prevention, Lancet Neurology, published online.

ABSTRACT Since 2006, several longitudinal studies have assessed environmental or behavioural factors that seem to modify the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease. Increased risk of Parkinson’s disease has been associated with exposure to pesticides, consumption of dairy products, history of melanoma, and traumatic brain injury, whereas a reduced risk has been reported in association with […]

T M McLellan et al, 2016. A review of caffeine’s effects on cognitive, physical and occupational performance, Neurosci Biobehav Reviews, published online.

ABSTRACT Caffeine is consumed by over 80% of U.S. adults. This review examines the effects caffeine has on cognitive and physical function, since most real-world activities require complex decision making, motor processing and movement. Caffeine exerts its effects by blocking adenosine receptors. Following low (∼40mg or ∼0.5mgkg-1) to moderate (∼300mg or 4mgkg-1) caffeine doses, alertness, vigilance, attention, reaction time and attention improve, […]

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