J Molnar and J C Somberg, 2015, Evaluation of the effects of different energy drinks and coffee on endothelial function. American Journal of Cardiology, published online ahead of print.Print this page
Endothelial function plays an important role in circulatory physiology. There has been differing reports on the effect of energy drink on endothelial function. We set out to evaluate the effect of 3 energy drinks and coffee on endothelial function. Endothelial function was evaluated in healthy volunteers using a device that uses digital peripheral arterial tonometry measuring endothelial function as the reactive hyperemia index (RHI). Six volunteers (25 – 7 years) received energy drink in a random order at least 2 days apart. Drinks studied were 250 ml “Red Bull” containing 80 mg caffeine, 57 ml “5-hour Energy” containing 230 mg caffeine, and a can of 355 ml “NOS” energy drink containing 120 mg caffeine. Sixteen volunteers (25 – 5 years) received a cup of 473 ml coffee containing 240 mg caffeine. Studies were performed before drink (baseline) at 1.5 and 4 hours after drink. Two of the energy drinks (Red Bull and 5-hour Energy) significantly improved endothelial function at 4 hours after drink, whereas 1 energy drink (NOS) and coffee did not change endothelial function significantly. RHI increased by 82 – 129% (p [ 0.028) and 63 – 37% (p[0.027) after 5-hour Energy and Red Bull, respectively. The RHI changed after NOS by 2 – 30% (p [ 1.000) and by 7 – 30% (p [ 1.000) after coffee. In conclusion, some energy drinks appear to significantly improve endothelial function. Caffeine does not appear to be the component responsible for these differences.
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