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Cardiovascular disease is a collective term used to describe conditions affecting the heart and circulation, including coronary heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.

In Europe, cardiovascular disease – CVD – (principally coronary heart disease and stroke) is the main cause of death, accounting for 45% of all deaths (49% of all deaths in women and 40% of all deaths in men)1,2. Together, coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular disease are the most common causes of CVD deaths, accounting for 1.8 million and 1.1 million deaths, respectively2. In other words, CVD causes the death of over 4 million Europeans annually – and one death every 7 seconds3.

CVD is projected to remain the single leading cause of death and, by 2030, almost 23.6 million people will die from CVD2.

Overall, CVD is estimated to cost the EU economy €196 billion every year. Of the total cost of CVD in the EU, around 54% are health care costs, 24% productivity losses and 22% costs associated with informal care of people with CVD2.


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