This information is intended for healthcare and professional audiences.
Facts and figures
- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term covering diseases of the heart and blood vessels including1:
- coronary heart disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle
- cerebrovascular disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain, such as stroke
- peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs
- rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria
- congenital heart disease – malformations of heart structure existing at birth
- deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
The scale of the issue
- In Europe, CVD (principally coronary heart disease and stroke) is the main cause of death, responsible for 52% of all deaths in women and 42% of all deaths in men2.
- In Europe, CVD causes the death of over 4 million people annually – and one death every 7 seconds3.
- CVD is projected to remain the single leading cause of death and, by 2030, almost 23.6 million people will die from CVD3.
- Overall, CVD is estimated to cost the EU economy €196 billion every year. Of the total cost of CVD in the EU, around 54% are health care costs, 24% productivity losses and 22% costs associated with informal care of people with CVD2.
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