International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 2009.
Diabetes Atlas, 4th Edition.
This edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas marks a watershed in the prevention and care of diabetes. United Nations Resolution 61/225, adopted unanimously in 2006, recognizes diabetes as a serious and costly disease that poses a threat to individual well-being and economic progress, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMCs). The Resolution provides a catalyst for governments to invest in programmes for the prevention of diabetes, and to strengthen healthcare systems to cope with the already large numbers of people with diabetes in all countries.
The IDF Diabetes Atlas, fourth edition, therefore aims to highlight the evidence base needed for governments, civil society, international health organizations and the health community to make informed decisions on prevention and care strategies. It also aims to stimulate action on the gaps in knowledge about diabetes and the extent of its impact in low- and middle-income countries, where most people with diabetes live. Pressing issues that require immediate attention from governments are also highlighted in this edition.
The content of this edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas is based on five key messages:
The diabetes epidemic is here and threatens to overwhelm health systems if left unchecked.
The majority of type 2 diabetes cases can be prevented — prevention costs governments far less than treating diabetes and its complications.
The non-preventable forms of diabetes can be treated — lives can be saved but people in low-and middle-income countries need access to essential diabetes medicines.
Diagnosis, treatment, management and prevention of diabetes and other non-communicable diseases require integrated health systems, delivery of care down to primary care level, and supportive policies outside the health sector.
Diabetes is a development issue — the epicentres of the epidemic are in low- and middle-income countries and it is a threat to the health and economic prosperity of nations.